By Jonatas Dornelles
Sexual congress between members of the same family is called “incest”. Accurate surveys have brought to light that the incest, within all the prohibitions lingering to human sexuality, is what concerns everyone, peoples or civilizations most, in every single corner in the history of humankind. Broadly in every culture or civilization, the incestuous behavior has been viewed as social threat and, because of that, largely forbidden.
Many societies accept homosexualism, sex between grownups and children, crossdressing, sex exchange or sex with beasts. Never mind, sexual contact beween closed relatives remains stricly forbidden. Though, in spite of the taboo connotation, the incest is a theme that quite often appear in mythology, in folcklore, in literature and the history of humankind itself.
The fines outlined on the old Testment for the act of incest were extremely severe, consisting, by and large, of death by emolation, in public place. The theme of incest was also explored by literature of all times. The most well-known piece in this sense is the act king Oedipus, from the Greek thespian Sophocles (495 -406 BC). The act portraits the tragedy of Oedipus, a man who, stigmatized from fate fatality, slaughts his father, Laio, and marries his mother, Jocasta.
Euripides (484-406 BC), another Greek author, had also explored the theme of incest in at least two of his works, Electra (413 BC) and Hypolitus (428 BC). The first tale is about a woman, Electra, who lures her borther, Oresthes, into avenge the murder of her father, Agamenon, perpetrated by her mother, Clitemnestra. Overburden by guilt, after that Orestes killed her mother, of whose he was lover, Electra goes overboard.
In the second piece, Euripides narrates the fondness of Fedra by her fostered son, Hypolitos. Accordingly with the tale, Theseus, king of Athens, returns with his newly wife, Phedra, to the town where Hypolitus, the offspring from his first wife, Anthyopa, grew up to become a handsome stud. Phedra falls for her fostered kid howver, turned down by him, comits suicide, leaving a note to Theseus, in which blackmails Hypolitus from sexually assalted her.
He died when a sea monster scared off the his carriage’s horses, making him jumped off the cliffs. The tragedy ends up with Theseus diying after unveiling, way too late, the innocence of his son. The expression “Phedra complex” ( stemmed from the piece euripides) has been employed in portraying any deep loving affair between foster fathers or mothers and sons.
About 1900, Freud stated that there’d bear such strong likelihood between these Greek tales and certain sexual fantasies normally emulated by children aged from two and half to six. Upon such fantasy threading, the children from male sex would foster profound fondeness by the mother and, simultaneously, jeoulsy against the father.
As for the female sex children, would display a great deal of inclination towards by the father and, at the same time, jealousy against the mother. For some time on, the expression “Electra complex”, coined by Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), would be employed to describe the very edipian instance concerning the daughter to father attraction. Such expression is no longer, nevertheless, in vogue.